Enrique y Tarancón, Vicente

Enrique y Tarancón, Vicente
b. 1907, Burriana (Castellón, Valencia); d. 1994 Villarreal (Valencia)
   Cardinal Archbishop
   The outstanding contribution to Spain's modern history made by Cardinal Tarancón was in seeking to reconcile a society whose Civil War divide between victors and vanquished remained un-healed, as he steered a reactionary Spanish Church into the more progressive Catholicism of the Second Vatican Council, into disengagement from Francoism, and into easing the country's passage from dictatorship to democracy. From his personal experiences as a young priest in the Second Republic, in the Civil War and its aftermath, and as Bishop of Solsona (1945– 64) and subsequently Archbishop of Oviedo (1964–9), Tarancón acquired a robust social conscience and political awareness. Pope Paul VI (1963–78), who wanted a strong man in position to lead the Spanish Church in the twilight of Francoism and in the post-Franco era, appointed him in 1969 Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain, and two months later gave him his cardinal's hat. In 1971 Tarancón was translated to the key post of Archbishop of Madrid and elected President of the Spanish Bishops" Conference. In this capacity he used his considerable diplomatic skills over the next ten years to keep the Spanish Church at the "extreme centre" of Catholicism and of national politics. The Cardinal had to disengage the institutional church from its close alliance with the Franco regime, which brought him into conflict not only with the Spanish government but also with right-wing bishops, priests and laity. When he officiated at the funeral service for Admiral Carrero Blanco in 1973, he was met with shouts of "Tarancón to the firing squad". In March 1974 he was ready to excommunicate the government if it carried out its threat to expel Monsignor Antonio Añoveros of Bilbao. Yet, although relations with the Franco regime were tense, they were never broken: Tarancón was ever a man of dialogue and moderation, in a style which came to be known as "taranconismo". Preaching during the Mass marking the accession of King Juan Carlos I on 27 November 1975, Tarancón called for a democratic programme for the nation, and mutual independence in Church-State relations. Aware that Spain was now pluralist and increasingly secularized, he ensured that there would be no church-endorsed "Catholic" political parties, though his preference was for those that were imbued with "Christian humanism". When issues arose such as the definition by the 1978 constitution of the church's future role in society, or the introduction of divorce, or church schools and religious education in schools, his defence of church demands was firm but never confrontational: in this he carried most of the hierarchy with him, to the chagrin of the "maximalist" bishops.
   Having enjoyed the support of Paul VI, Tarancón incurred the displeasure of Pope John Paul II (1978-) through his perceived failure to fight more tenaciously for what the Vatican saw as the church's "rights" in the constitution and in the 1979 Partial Agreements between Spain and the Holy See. On his retirement in 1983 he retained his independent openness of spirit regarding both intra-ecclesial and national affairs, a major concern being the need for positive ethical values in democracy.
   See also: church and state; National Catholicism; religion

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vicente Enrique y Tarancón — Cardenal presbítero de San Juan Crisóstomo en el Monte Sacro Alto Arzobispo emérito de Madrid Ordenación 1 de noviembre de 1929 por Félix Bilbao y Ugarriza Consagración episcopal 24 de marzo de 1945 por Manuel Moll y Salord Proclamación 28 de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente Enrique y Tarancón — Vicente Kardinal Enrique y Tarancón (* 14. Mai 1907 in Burriana, Spanien; † 28. November 1994 in Valencia) war Erzbischof von Toledo und Madrid. Leben Enrique empfing nach philosophischen und theologischen Studienjahren in Tortosa und Valencia am …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vicente Enrique y Tarancón — Biographie Naissance 14 mai 1907 à Burriana  Espagne Ordination sacerdotale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vicente Enrique y Tarancón — infobox cardinalstyles cardinal name=Vicente Cardinal Enrique y Tarancón| dipstyle=His Eminence offstyle=Your Eminence See=Madrid (emeritus)|Vicente Cardinal Enrique y Tarancón (14 May, 1907 mdash;28 November, 1994) was a Spanish prelate of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Vicente Lloréns Poy — (Villarreal, Castellón, España, 19 de agosto de 1936) es un pintor y escultor español. Con sólo siete años comenzó los primeros estudios de dibujo, pintura y modelado con quien sería siempre su gran maestro y mentor, el escultor José Ortells.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente García Julbe — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente — ist die spanische Version des männlichen Vornamens Vinzenz. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 Familienname 2 Sieh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enrique — ist ein spanischer männlicher Vorname[1], die spanische Form von Heinrich.[2] Die in Spanien ebenfalls gebräuchliche katalanische Form des Namens ist Enric. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enrique Pla y Deniel — Enrique Kardinal Pla y Deniel (* 19. Dezember 1876 in Barcelona, Spanien; † 5. Juli 1968 in Toledo) war Erzbischof von Toledo. Leben Enrique Pla y Deniel studierte nach seiner Schulzeit in Barcelona und Rom, als Seminarist am Päpstlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enrique Plá y Deniel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Enrique Plá y Deniel Cardenal presbítero de S. Pedro en Montorio Arzobispo Primado de Toledo Ordenación 25 de julio de 1900 Consagración episcopal 8 de junio de 1919 por Francesco Ragonesi Proclamación 18 de febrero… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”